Integrated Design in the Operating Room: Review and Analysis of Medical Product Development
The multi-phase research programme ‘Integrated Design in the Operating Room’ aims to improve the integration and usability of operating room equipment. This paper focuses on a review and analysis of medical product development. Design methodology, internal and external communication, complexity of medical design, and operating room experience were investigated. Data collection was mainly by semi-structured interview with designers and managers in companies supplying operating room products. Design methodology and communication could be improved, most designers had minimal operating room experience, and the complexity of medical design led to the design process being centred on specific factors at the expense of an holistic design approach.